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Metal Fabrication & Machining: Complete List of Reference Documents
Table of Contents
Background and Overview
Operations
Reasons for Change
P2 Opportunities
Assistance Activities
Where To Go for Help
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Adhesives / Alternative technologies / Aqueous cleaning / Best management practices / Centrifugation / Compressed air / Coolants / Cutting fluids / Economic analysis / Filtration / Grinding and polishing / Metal cutting / Metal treating / Oil filters / Oil separators / More Keywords...

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Article/report (16) / Case study/success story (4) / Chapter (7) / Fact sheet/checklist (10) / List (2) / Manual/handbook/curriculum (11) / Other resources (1) / Web site (4)

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- Article/report -    Top of Page

An Analysis of Pollution Prevention Opportunities and Impediments in the Fabricated Metal Products Manufacturing Sector in Georgia [PDF]
Abstract: Identifies the specific causes of waste generation and cost-effective solutions to reduce waste in the fabricated metal products industry in Georgia.
Source: Georgia Dept. of Natural Resources, Pollution Prevention Assistance Division
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/09/08051.pdf

Criteria for a Recommended Standard - Occupational Exposure to Metalworking Fluids
Abstract: This document reviews available data on the health effects of exposure to metal working fluids.
Source: Center for Disease Control
URL: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/98-102.html

Energy Efficiency Opportunities Available for Food Processing and Metal Fabrication Facilities
Abstract: This article identifies opportunities for metal fabrication facilities to take steps toward becoming more energy efficient.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://www.mntap.umn.edu/source/2008-3/xcel%20study.html

Environmental Research Brief: Waste Minimization Assessment for a Manufacturer of Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Equipment [PDF]
Abstract: Brief process overview and waste assessment. Focus on adhesives and process modification/optimization.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref%5C01/00602.pdf

Extension of Metal Working Fluid Service Life
Abstract: Describes technologies available to extend metal working fluid life.
Source: Joint Service Pollution Prevention Handbook
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/38/37125.htm

Hot Melt Adhesives Technology Review
Abstract: This technology review focuses primarily on the application of hot melt adhesives as an alternative to conventional solvent-based adhesives.
Source: Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
URL: http://www.pprc.org/pubs/techreviews/hotmelt/hmintro.html

Metal Machining Sector: Pollution Prevention Assessment and Guidance [PDF]
Abstract: This report provides technical and regulatory information for the metal machining industry sector.
Source: Washington Department of Ecology Hazardous Waste and Toxics Reduction Program
URL: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/pubs/99412.pdf

Metal Removal Fluids: A Guide To Their Management And Control [PDF]
Abstract: This article provides a summary of the information found in "Metal Removal Fluids: A Guide to Their Management".
Source: Metal Working Fluids Product Stewardship Group
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/06/05828.pdf

Mycobacterium sp. as a Possible Cause of Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis in Machine Workers
Abstract: This study supports the hypothesis that aerosolized mycobacteria colonizing metal removal fluids likely cause hypersensitivity pneumonitis.
Source: Center for Disease Control and Prevention
URL: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/5/2/99-0213_article.htm

Pollution Prevention Guide to Using Metal Removal Fluids in Machining Operations [PDF]
Abstract: Provides information for extending the life of metal working fluids.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/06/05828.pdf

Pollution Prevention Technology Profile: Conductivity Controls in Water Rinsing, Cooling Towers, and Boilers [PDF]
Abstract: Present general information about point-of-use water monitoring for rinse tanks, boilers, and cooling towers, that yields data useful for improving water use efficiency and reducing water related wastes.
Source: Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
URL: http://www.pprc.org/pubs/technologies/conductivity.pdf

Radiant-Cured Adhesives Technology Review
Abstract: This technology review focuses on the application of radiant (ultraviolet light or electron-beam) cured adhesives as an alternative to conventional solvent-based adhesives.
Source: Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
URL: http://www.pprc.org/pubs/techreviews/radiant/rcintro.html

Seed-based Metalworking Fluid
Abstract: An introduction of seed-based (soy) oils as alternatives to traditional metalworking fluids.
Source: Occupational Health and Safety
URL: http://ohsonline.com/Articles/2004/01/SeedBased-Metalworking
-Fluid.aspx

Semi-synthetic and Synthetic Coolant Substitution
Abstract: Describes the use of longer lasting synthetic coolants.
Source: Joint Service Pollution Prevention Handbook
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/20/19926/p2_opportunity_handb
ook/6_III_3.html

The Spectrum of Respiratory Disease Associated with Exposure to Metal Working Fluids
Abstract: A report of respiratory illnesses occurring in an outbreak in 30 workers of an automobile parts engine manufacturing plant.
Source: Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Medicine
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=PubMed&cmd=
Retrieve&list_uids=9675723&dopt=Abstract

Waterbased Adhesives Technology Review
Abstract: This technology review focuses on the use of water-based adhesives as an alternative to conventional solvent-based adhesives.
Source: Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
URL: http://www.pprc.org/pubs/techreviews/waterbsd/wbintro.html


- Case study/success story -    Top of Page

Cleaner Production - Machining Coolant Recycling
Abstract: Case study on machine coolant recycling.
Source: Environment Australia
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/04/03595/

Cleaner Production - Replacement of Salt Baths with Fluidised Bed Furnaces - Quality Heat Treatment Pty Ltd
Abstract: Case study that details a technology that replaces salt bath heat treatment.
Source: Environment Australia
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref%5C04/03623/

Recovery and Reuse of Coolants by a Manufacturer of Metal Fasteners & Washers [PDF]
Abstract: Installed coolant recycling system in conjuncture with other process changes.
Source: North Carolina Office of Waste Reduction
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00619.pdf

Toxics Use Reduction Case Study: Quench Oil Recycling at Hyde Manufacturing Corporation
Abstract: Case study on transfer pump/bag filter/cone tank system to recycle the quench oils used in heat treating.
Source: Massachusetts Office of Technical Assistance
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/16/15147.htm


- Chapter -    Top of Page

Identifying & Implementing Best Management Practices & Pollution Prevention Opportunities [PDF]
Abstract: Provides information on pollution prevention opportunities and best management practices.
Source: Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
URL: http://www.pprc.org/pubs/workbook/metal5.pdf

Innovative Pollution Prevention Technologies (excerpts from NEWMOA's P2 in Machining and Metal Fabrication Industry manual) [PDF]
Abstract: Covers dry machining, laser drilling and cutting, waterjet cutting, and electrical discharge machining (EDM).
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/23/NEWMOAmanualCh5
.pdf

Overview of Metal Fabrication Industry (excerpts from NEWMOA's P2 in Machining and Metal Fabrication Industry manual) [PDF]
Abstract: Provides in-depth information on metal fabrication operations, as well as demographics.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/23/NEWMOAmanualCh1
.pdf

Overview of Pollution Prevention Opportunities and Methods (excerpts from NEWMOA's P2 in Machining and Metal Fabrication Industry manual) [PDF]
Abstract: Overview of pollution prevention opportunities in fluid maintenance, metal treating and joining processes.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/23/NEWMOAmanualCh3
.pdf

Pollution Prevention and Metalworking Fluids - Selection, Maintenance and Application (excerpts from NEWMOA's P2 in Machining and Metal Fabrication Industry manual) [PDF]
Abstract: Discusses fluid contaminant removal systems, management schemes, water quality and fluid testing.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/23/NEWMOAmanualCh4
.pdf

Pollution Prevention Opportunities in Heat Treating, Soldering and Brazing, and Adhesive Joining (excerpts from NEWMOA's P2 in Machining and Metal Fabrication Industry manual) [PDF]
Abstract: Addresses salt bath heat treating, alternative furnaces, drag-out reduction and alternative quenchants; process optimization steps for soldering and brazing; and alternative adhesives.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/23/NEWMOAmanualCh5
.pdf

Regulatory Overview (excerpts from NEWMOA's P2 in Machining and Metal Fabrication Industry manual) [PDF]
Abstract: Overview of federal environmental regulations and Northeast states P2 laws affecting machinists and metal fabricators.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/23/NEWMOAmanualCh2
.pdf


- Fact sheet/checklist -    Top of Page

Coolant Maintenance Program for Machining Operations Factsheet
Abstract: Minnesota fact sheet on coolant selection, contaminant removal, and monitoring.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://mntap.umn.edu/mach/63-Coolant.htm

Developing a Coolant Maintenance Program for Machining Operations [PDF]
Abstract: Fact sheet describes the different technologies available and appropriate maintenance practices to reduce waste.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00543.pdf

Do Your Fluids Contain Chlorine?
Abstract: Guidance for determining if your metal working fluids contain chlorine and disposal implications.
Source: King County Local Hazardous Waste Management Program
URL: http://www.lhwmp.org/home/publications/publications_detail.a
spx?DocID=yFDYAnJ9564%3d

Dried-on Process Fluids and Fluid Combinations
Abstract: Describes how to avoid the problems associated with dried-on process fluids.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://mntap.umn.edu/mach/Mna5-m2.htm

Extending the Life of Metal Working Fluids
Abstract: Describes why metal working fluids are used and how they are contaminated. Also provides suggestions on how to extend the life of the fluids.
Source: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00072.htm

Extending the Life of Metal Working Fluids
Abstract: Describes why metal working fluids are used and how they are contaminated. Also provides suggestions on how to extend the life of the fluids.
Source: Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00072.htm

Get Your Fluids to Last Longer and Stay Cleaner
Abstract: This fact sheet describes some of the most common pathways of contamination of fluids and how to properly manage fluids to stay cleaner.
Source: King County Local Hazardous Waste Management Program
URL: http://www.lhwmp.org/home/publications/publications_detail.a
spx?DocID=1AM231FSwm8%3d

High-Temperature Processing Burns on Soils
Abstract: Tips to prevent soils being burnt in heat treating.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://www.mntap.umn.edu/mach/Mna6-m3.htm

Metalworking Fluids: A Fact Sheet for Workers [PDF]
Abstract: Explains how workers' health is affected by exposure to metalworking fluids.
Source: Washington Labor and Industries - SHARP Program
URL: http://www.lni.wa.gov/Safety/Research/files/mwf_work.pdf

Save Money Through Smart Machine Coolant Management [PDF]
Abstract: This publication details how machine shops can save money by changing the way they manage coolants and by cutting oils.
Source: Washington Department of Ecology
URL: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/pubs/97404.pdf


- List -    Top of Page

Design and Planning in Maching - List of Publications
Abstract: Provides a list of publications available for considering environmental attributes in design and planning.
Source: Consortium on Green Design and Manufacturing
URL: http://cgdm.berkeley.edu/cgdmPubTopic.html#DPM

Purchase Reusable Spill Absorbent Materials [PDF]
Abstract: Compares types of alternatives and provides list of vendors.
Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Enviro$en$e
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/prevention/topichub/23/purchase_reusab
le_spill_absorbent_materials.pdf


- Manual/handbook/curriculum -    Top of Page

Cutting Fluid Management in Small Machine Shop Operations [PDF]
Abstract: Manual addresses three areas of cutting and grinding fluid management - selection, maintenance for extending fluid life, and alternative disposal options.
Source: Iowa Waste Reduction Center
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/36/35492.pdf

Cutting Fluid Management: Small Machining Operations [PDF]
Abstract: Reviews cutting fluid properties, characteristics, and functions in small facilities. Suggests alternative products, such as ag-based cutting fluids and cryogenic nitrogen.
Source: Iowa Waste Reduction Center
URL: http://cedarfallsoil.com/_IWRC_mirror/cfm.pdf

Full Cost Accounting for Municipal Solid Waste Management: A Handbook [PDF]
Abstract: Full cost accounting (FCA) is a systematic approach for identifying, summing, and reporting the actual costs of solid waste management. It takes into account past and future outlays, overhead (oversight and support service) costs, and operating costs.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/osw/conserve/tools/fca/docs/fca-hanb.pdf

Guides to Pollution Prevention: The Metal Casting and Heat Treating Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Detailed operations information with source reduction and recycling options for heat treaters and metal casters.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00733.pdf

Guides to Pollution Prevention: The Fabricated Metal Products Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Overview of the metal fabrication processes and operations that generate waste and presents options for minimizing waste generation through source reduction and recycling.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.wmrc.uiuc.edu/info/library_docs/other_pubs/p2_gui
de_fabricated_metal_products.pdf

Metal Fabrication Industry - Compliance and Pollution Prevention Workbook [PDF]
Abstract: Provides information on assessing the processes for environmental impact and pollution prevention opportunities.
Source: Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
URL: http://www.pprc.org/pubs/workbook/intmetal.pdf

Metal Working Fluids: A Resource for Employers and Health & Safety Personnel In Washington State [PDF]
Abstract: Describes the different metal working fluids used in machining and the potential health effects.
Source: Washington Labor and Industries - SHARP Program
URL: http://www.lni.wa.gov/Safety/Research/files/mwf_man.pdf

Profile of the Metal Fabrication Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Provides a summary of industrial process, pollution outputs, pollution prevention, and regulations associated with the metal fabrication industry.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/compliance/resources/publications/assista
nce/sectors/notebooks/fabmetsn.pdf

Profile of the Metal Fabrication Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Provides a summary of industrial process, pollution outputs, pollution prevention, and regulations associated with the metal fabrication industry.
Source: Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/compliance/resources/publications/assista
nce/sectors/notebooks/fabmetsn.pdf

Shop Guide to Reduce the Waste of Metalworking Fluids: A Competitive Advantage Manual for the Metal Fabricating and Machining Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Provides guidance on identifying waste reduction techniques for metalworking fluids.
Source: Institute of Advanced Manufacturing Sciences and Waste Reduction and Technology Transfer Foundation
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/02/01085.pdf

Shop Guide to Reduce Wastewater from the Machining and Metal Fabrication Industry: A Competitive Advantage Manual [PDF]
Abstract: Describes sources of wastewater discharges and source reduction techniques.
Source: Institute of Advanced Manufacturing Sciences and Waste Reduction and Technology Transfer Foundation
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/03/02293.pdf


- Other resources -    Top of Page

Waste Minimisation in Metal Fabrication and Machining [PDF]
Abstract: Identifies waste minimization opportunities for the metal fabrication and machining industry that can save money.
Source: Centre for Excellence in Cleaner Production and Environment Australia
URL: http://cleanerproduction.curtin.edu.au/local/resources/indus
try/metals/metalandmachining.pdf


- Web site -    Top of Page

Joint Group on Pollution Prevention
Abstract: Handbook of pollution prevention technologies analyzed at military facilities.
Source: Joint Group on Pollution Prevention
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/20/19926/p2_opportunity_handb
ook/introduction.html

Metalworking Fluids
Abstract: A list of resources with contact information for vendors of soy-based metalworking fluids.
Source: United Soybean Board
URL: http://soynewuses.org/product-categories/metalworking-fluids
/

Non-contact Cooling Water
Abstract: Non-contact cooling water may be used in the metal fabrication industry to cool equipment. It is an alternative to traditional metalworking fluids and coolants.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://www.mntap.umn.edu/water/14-Noncontact.htm

P2Rx Wiki - Cutting Fluids
Abstract: This article is a working document (i.e., wiki format) dedicated to information about metal cutting fluids. It is an opportunity to share and have access to pertinent publications, fact sheets, tools and project outcomes.
Source: P2Rx Wiki
URL: http://libguides.unomaha.edu/content.php?pid=279690&sid=2303
692

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The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The Metal Fabrication & Machining Topic Hub™ was developed by:

Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
Contact email: abray@newmoa.org

Hub Last Updated: 12/4/2012

 

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