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Wood Furniture Manufacturing: Complete List of Reference Documents
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Background and Overview
Operations
Reasons for Change
P2 Opportunities
Assistance Activities
Where To Go for Help
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Best management practices / Clean Air Act / Coating processes / Coatings / Dust control / Economic analysis / Employee safety / Furniture industry and trade / Health effects / High volume low pressure spray guns / Maintenance / Materials handling / Paint / Recovery equipment / Recycled products / More Keywords...

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Article/report (8) / Case study/success story (19) / Fact sheet/checklist (9) / Manual/handbook/curriculum (3) / Other resources (1)

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- Article/report -    Top of Page

EPA Office of Compliance Sector Notebook Project: Profile of the Wood Furniture and Fixtures Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Provides an overview of the wood furniture and fixtures industry, industrial processes involved, chemical release profiles, pollution prevention opportunities, and relevant federal statutes and regulations.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/Compliance/resources/publications/assista
nce/sectors/notebooks/wdfurnsn.pdf

EPA Office of Compliance Sector Notebook Project: Profile of the Wood Furniture and Fixtures Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Provides an overview of the wood furniture and fixtures industry, industrial processes involved, chemical release profiles, pollution prevention opportunities, and relevant federal statutes and regulations.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency
URL: http://www.epa.gov/Compliance/resources/publications/assista
nce/sectors/notebooks/wdfurnsn.pdf

Pollution Prevention in Wood Furniture Manufacturing [PDF]
Abstract: Comprehensive series of fact sheets for P2, waste minimization, and proper waste managment - from adhesives and glues, to shop towels, to fluorescent bulbs.
Source: Missouri Department of Natural Resources
URL: http://www.dnr.mo.gov/pubs/pub1183.pdf

RCRA in Focus - Furniture Manufacturing and Refinishing [PDF]
Abstract: Provides an overview of the federal regulations and the wastes that are likely to be hazardous. It also provides federal recycling and pollution prevention options to help decrease the amount of hazardous waste generated.
Source: US EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/osw/inforesources/pubs/infocus/furnitur.p
df

Wood Furniture Manufacturing: What You Need to Know to Comply
Abstract: Explains what what products require compliance and how to comply with the National Emissions Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP). for the manufacture of wood products. .
Source: Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Resource Center
URL: http://www.pprc.org/pubs/factsheets/woodfurn.html

Wood Furniture: The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and Pollution Prevention Opportunities [PDF]
Abstract: Details requirements of the Wood Furniture NESHAP and provides information on using P2 techniques to comply. Contains background information on operations and many P2 case studies.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/publications/woodman.pdf

Wood Furniture: The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and Pollution Prevention Opportunities [PDF]
Abstract: Details requirements of the Wood Furniture NESHAP and provides information on using P2 techniques to comply. Contains background information on operations and many P2 case studies.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/publications/woodman.pdf

Working with Vendors to Change Wood Finishes
Abstract: Short newsletter article describing how the relationship between the wood finisher and the coating supplier is critical to successfully changing finishes or finishing processes.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program (MnTAP)
URL: http://www.mntap.umn.edu/source/12-1/wood-p1.htm


- Case study/success story -    Top of Page

Automated Building Components, Millwork Division
Abstract: Describes how Automated Building Components, a supplier of millwork products and services to professional builders, produced a 100% reduction in hazardous waste, a 90% reduction in VOC emissions, and a 90% reduction in toxic chemical use, all while saving $60,000 annually.
Source: Minnesota Governor's Awards for Excellence in Waste and Pollution Prevention
URL: http://www.pca.state.mn.us/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item
&id=2254

Case Studies: Low-VOC/HAP Wood Furniture Coatings [PDF]
Abstract: Compilation of most of the case studies from the 1990s - wood furniture manufacturing facilities that converted at least one of their primary coating steps to low-volatile organic compound(VOC)/hazardous air pollutant (HAP) wood furniture coatings. General information about the wood furniture manufacturing industry's typical emissions and applicable regulations is also provided.
Source: U.S. EPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/06/05845.pdf

Economic Analysis: Converting from Petroleum-Based to Ultraviolet-Light Cured Coating System for Medium-Size Wood Products Manufacturers [PDF]
Abstract: Describes the results of a study conducted to evaluate the feasibility of a manufacturer of wood doors and window trim converting from the conventional, petroleum-based coating process to a method by which lacquer cures when exposed to ultraviolet light.
Source: Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Research Center (PPRC)
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/03/02122.pdf

Equipment Modification to Reduce Solvent Use: Case Study
Abstract: Describes case study of an anonymous Colorado wood products company that targeted solvent-based cleaners and VOC/HAP emissions in its effort to reduce solvent use.
Source: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00294.htm

Geiger Brickel Benefits: Case Study [PDF]
Abstract: Describes how office furniture producer Geiger Brickel incorporates UV-curable and waterborne coatings in two of its plants.
Source: FDM Finishing Forum
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/07/06607.pdf

High Solids Topcoats and HVLP Spray Guns: Ethan Allen [PDF]
Abstract: Describes Ethan Allen's efforts to use high-solids coatings and HVLP spray equipment to reduce air emissions and operating costs. Also discusses on-site overspray (lacquer dust) recycling.
Source: Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/publications/wood/EACASE.pdf

Mohawk Flush Doors, Inc.: Case Study
Abstract: Case study of Mohawk Flush Doors, Inc., manufacturer of fully-machined and pre-finished doors, who, through pollution prevention techniques, reduced its VOCs and received significant financial benefits.
Source: P2 Pays
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/06/05333.htm

Product Substitution to Low- or No-HAPs Coatings/Coating Solvents: Case Study
Abstract: Case study of how Design Fabricators, Inc. targeted coating-related wastes and HAP emissions, resulting in substantial environmental and economic benefits.
Source: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00289.htm

Reuse of Wood Finishing Overspray
Abstract: By installing a wood finish reclamation system in a sealer spray booth in order to catch overspray, Medallion Kitchens, a manufacturer of kitchen cabinets and bathroom vanities, were able to reclaim 1 1/5 gallons of overspray every day and accumulate a total $23,000 in annual savings.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/05/04263.htm

Switch to a More Efficient Paint Dispensing System and Purchase Raw Materials in Bulk: Case Study
Abstract: Phelps-Tointon MillWork targeted its paint-related waste stream in order to reduce both its environmental and economic impacts.
Source: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00292.htm

Switch to High-Solids Varnish: Case Study
Abstract: By specifically using pollution prevention techniques to target its paint-related waste stream, Wood Masters reduced both its environmental and economic impacts.
Source: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00288.htm

Switch to HVLP Spray Gun Equipment for Stains and Sealers: Case Study
Abstract: By directing its pollution prevention efforts towards their paint-related waste stream, Woodleys Fine Furniture, manufacturer of bedroom furniture and entertainment centers, was able to reduce both its environmental and economic impact.
Source: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00286.htm

Switch to More Efficient Spray Guns: Case Study
Abstract: By implementing pollution prevention techniques to target its paint-related waste stream, Phelps-Tointon MillWork, custom woodworking company, reduced both its economic and environmental impacts.
Source: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00285.htm

Switch to Waterborne Topcoat Lacquers: Case Study
Abstract: By targeting its paint-related waste and switching to waterborne topcoat lacquers, Shafer Commercial Seating, manufacturer of chairs and other furniture for hotels and restaurants, was able to significantly reduce its VOC emissions while saving money.
Source: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00287.htm

Thomas Crown Wood Products: Case Study [PDF]
Abstract: Thomas Crown Wood Products, a division of Thomas Consumer Electronics, manufactures wood and wood-finished television cabinets and storage units for audio equipment. Through a waste reduction/recycling/waste elimination program, the company was able to significantly reduce its waste and achieve $750,000 in annual savings.
Source: P2 Pays
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/0056610.pdf

Ultraviolet Radiation Cured Coatings and Aqueous-based Coating: Hussey Seating Company [PDF]
Abstract: Case study of Hussey Seating Company of North Berwick, Maine - dramatic reductions of VOCs and HAPs by adoption of radiation-cured coatings, and aqueous-based coatings and glues.
Source: NEWMOA
URL: http://www.newmoa.org/publications/wood/HSYCASE.pdf

Water-Based Cleaner for Paint Equipment: Case Study
Abstract: By targeting its lacquer thinner and VOC emissions, Mastercraft, manufacturer of commercial wood products and cabinetry, was able to reduce its VOC emissions by 40 tons per year and also improve worker health and safety.
Source: Colorado Department of Public Health and Safety
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00290.htm

Wood Finishing Demonstration Project: Final Report
Abstract: Detailed case studies of two facilities in Minnesota: Pine-Tique and Viking. MPCA and MnTAP provided P2 and compliance assistance to the two facilities and the report documents the results.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program
URL: http://www.pca.state.mn.us/index.php/view-document.html?gid=
5516

Wood Products and Furniture: Switch to Water-Based and Hot-Melt Adhesives
Abstract: Describes how Shafer Commercial Seating, manufacturer of chairs, tables, and booths for restaurants and hotels, reduced both its environmental impacts and economic expenditures by targeting its pollution prevention techniques at adhesive-related waste and emissions, .
Source: Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00291.htm


- Fact sheet/checklist -    Top of Page

An Industry Overview of Furniture/Wood Manufacturing and Refinishing
Abstract: A fact sheet with a focus on hazardous waste. Provides a basic overview of hazardous waste produced, waste minimization, operations, materials, and waste types from the furniture/wood manufacturing and refinishing sector.
Source: EnviroSense
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/09/08376.htm

Facts about NESHAP for Wood Furniture Finishing
Abstract: Describes how National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) affects wood furniture finishing, gluing, cleaning, and washoff operations.
Source: Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
URL: http://www.pca.state.mn.us/index.php/view-document.html?gid=
2113

Getting in Touch with Air Pollution Requirements for Wood Furniture Manufacturing [PDF]
Abstract: Good overview of the NESHAP (air pollution regulations) for wood furniture manufacturers
Source: OH EPA Office of Compliance Assistance and P2
URL: http://www.epa.ohio.gov/portals/41/sb/publications/wood%20fu
rniture.pdf

Incentives and Techniques for Pollution Prevention in Furniture Coating Operations
Abstract: Fact sheet with information on regulatory incentives and P2 techniques for furniture coating operations to help them comply with the furniture MACT regulation. P2 techniques are categorized as 1) operation and maintenance, 2) production process modifications, and 3) recovery.
Source: North Carolina Department of Environment, Health, and Natural Resources
URL: http://infohouse.p2ric.org/ref/01/00017.htm

Prevent Storm Water Contamination: Best Management Practices for Furniture & Fixture Manufacturers [PDF]
Abstract: Fact sheet with ideas for best management practices for stormwater at furniture and fixture manufacturers.
Source: City of Phoenix
URL: http://phoenix.gov/STREETS/sectionw.pdf

Reducing Air Pollution: Wood Furniture Operations [PDF]
Abstract: Fact sheet for owner/operators focused on awareness of harmful air emissions and outlines good P2 ideas
Source: U.S. EPA
URL: http://www.epa.gov/oar/toxicair/community/guide/wood_furnitu
re_oo_sheet.pdf

Reducing Wood Wastes from Wood Shops [PDF]
Abstract: Covers methods to save wood wastes from the following "cut-up" operations: rough milling, gluing, and product dimensioning. Addresses controllable factors that will reduce wood waste and labor losses from woodshop operations.
Source: Kansas Small Business Environmental Assistance Program
URL: http://www.sbeap.org/publications/WoodWasteReduction.pdf

Wood Finishing: Reducing Waste and Cost Saving Ideas
Abstract: This online fact sheet includes general information on emissions and waste issues usually associated with the wood products industry, the benefits of reducing waste, the current standard wood finishing process, alternative coatings options, alternative spray equipment, and other waste reduction options for wood finishers.
Source: Minnesota Technical Assistance Program, University of Minnesota
URL: http://www.mntap.umn.edu/PAINT/39-Wood.htm

Woodworking and Refinishing Pollution Prevention Opportunities [PDF]
Abstract: Ideas for P2 and waste minimization and recycling, including example cost saving calculations
Source: Ohio EPA Office of Pollution Prevention
URL: http://www.epa.ohio.gov/portals/41/p2/woodworking.pdf


- Manual/handbook/curriculum -    Top of Page

A Guide for Protecting Workers from Woodworking Hazards [PDF]
Abstract: Describes principal hazards of woodworking (machinery operation and wood dust) and methods for controlling these hazards. Helps clarify regulatory language and technical information in the OSHA standards related to woodworking.
Source: United States Department of Labor
URL: https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3157.pdf

Clean Air Compliance for Wood Furniture Manufacturers [PDF]
Abstract: Manual's coverage is confined to compliance via use of compliant materials. Using a "frequently asked question" format, manual provides easy-to-understand, step-by-step guidance in how to satisfy NESHAP requirements.
Source: University of Tennessee Center for Industrial Services
URL: http://www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/wood/wfmanual.pdf

Pollution Prevention for the Wood Manufacturing and Finishing Industry [PDF]
Abstract: Covers pollution prevention approaches for wood manufacturers and finishers to reduce emissions and regulatory obligations, while reducing wastes from production processes.
Source: Kansas Small Business Environmental Assistance Program
URL: http://www.sbeap.org/publications/pp4woodandfinish.pdf


- Other resources -    Top of Page

Final Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutant Emissions from Wood Furniture Manufacturing Operations; Final Rule [PDF]
Abstract: Federal Register Notice - promulgates standards that limit the emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAP) from existing and new wood furniture manufacturing operations.
Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency Federal Register
URL: http://www.epa.gov/docs/fedrgstr/EPA-AIR/1995/December/Day-0
7/pr-1226.pdf

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The Topic Hub™ is a product of the Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange (P2Rx)

The Wood Furniture Manufacturing Topic Hub™ was developed by:

Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
Northeast Waste Management Officials' Association
Contact email: abray@newmoa.org

Hub Last Updated: 1/8/2013

 

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